That group of arts which originated in Asia as individual expressions of
spiritual places manifested and concentrated into representations that are made with either living components
(bonsai, penjing, saikei, etc.) or inanimate ones (bonkei, suiseki, viewing stones,
etc.) or a combination thereof, which have certain spatial, temporal and physical characteristics reflecting the
relationship of Heaven, Humans and Nature, and whose forms are generally portable by way of a tray, container or
Ideally, visible human-intervention is at a minimum and blends
aesthetically with the nonhuman components. The design and care of these landscapes can be done by oneself or
with others in virtually any location for enjoyment and/or profit, and with or without understanding of the history
and symbolism involved.
Those things known as "ming trees" made with metal,
glass, plastic, fabric, deadwood, and similar substances are mere echoes or shadows of these landscapes. Floral
arrangements, including ikebana, are philosophical cousins of these landscapes.
("Magiminiland" or "Magicminiland")