ALL  THE  PRIMARY  PLANTS  USED  AS  BONSAI
AND  IN  THE  RELATED  ARTS  --
A  TAXONOMIC  ANALYSIS  OF  THE  MAGNOLIIDAE


compiled by Robert J. Baran


This Page Last Updated: September 24, 2014


To show patterns of "ease" with known/experienced plants, to find suggested "ease" with unknown/new plants,
to uncover previously unsuspected patterns.

This listing includes more specimens than are delineated in the strict Japanese sense of the word "bonsai."
Enthusiasts around the world are incorporating more and often uniquely local types of plants in their magical miniature landscape compositions,
and thus these pages are compiled with this larger reference in mind.

We are using here the APG II System, with some blending of a modified Cronquist System.
We acknowledge that for some of these plants there could be disagreement regarding ranks above the family level.

(Non-italicized genus or species names) in parenthesis are synonyms of the preceding italicized official genus or species.
Small print non-italicized names after the official species name indicate the author(s) of the original genus placement;
if the genus was changed, we show (the original author(s) in parentheses) followed by the current author, per standard citation practices.
Due to space considerations, we are not including the author(s) for the synonyms.
[Non-italicized genus names] in brackets are alternative but incorrect spellings of the preceding italicized official genus.

We have started to indicate after the genus name which plants as bonsai are especially favored for their flowers (*),
which are favored for their fruits (o),
and which are favored for their colored leaves (#), particularly in autumn.
Please keep in mind that the colors of these symbols are arbitrary and do not necessarily reflect the actual color of the flowers and/or fruits so indicated.
Not all members of the genus may produce these favors.

X after a name indicates rare and/or endangered species.

P after a name indicates pioneer plants, the first to colonize a disturbed or damaged community, fast growers with lots of long-viable seeds, but not particularly long-lived as mature plants.

W after a name indicates weedy or invasive species in some locations, so be careful with your discarded material or parts thereof.

The twenty-three most popular species nowadays are indicated in bolded green.

The original "Four Gentlemen," "Seven Virtuous Ones," and "Eighteen Scholars" are so indicated by either 4, 7, or 18 after the species name.

The climate zone where they are growing will affect whether a few of these plants are perennials or are completely deciduous.


 
Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II


=======================================================================================

Division      Magnoliophyta    :    Ovary-enclosed-seeded flowering plants whose embryos possess two (dicot) leaf-like structures called cotyledons
----- Class      Magnoliopsida
---------- Subclass      Magnoliidae    :    trees and shrubs and herbs having well-developed perianths and apocarpous ovaries and generally regarded as the most primitive extant flowering plants
--------------- Order      Laurales
-------------------- Family      Atherospermataceae
------------------------- Genus      Atherosperma
------------------------------ Species      moschatum Labill.       Southern or Blackheart sassafras
-------------------- Family      Calycanthaceae
------------------------- Genus      Calycanthus
------------------------------ Species      floridus L.  (fertilis, mohrii)       Sweetshrub / Eastern sweetshrub
------------------------- Genus      Chimonanthus (Meratia)
------------------------------ Species      praecox (L.) Link  (baokanensis, caespitosus, fragrans, parviflorus, yunnanensis) 18        Wintersweet / Japanese allspice / La mei
-------------------- Family      Lauraceae
------------------------- Genus      Cinnamomum
------------------------------ Species      camphora (L.) J.Presl.       Camphor-tree / Camphorwood / Camphor laurel / Zhang shu / Karpura
------------------------- Genus      Laurus
------------------------------ Species      nobilis L.       Sweet bay laurel / Bay or True or Grecian laurel / Sweet bay / Bay or Laurel tree
------------------------- Genus      Persea  # leaves and pits are toxic, fruit is toxic to some animals #
------------------------------ Species      americana Mill.  (gratissima)        Avocado / Alligator pear
--------------- Order      Magnoliales
-------------------- Family      Annonaceae
------------------------- Genus      Annona  o
------------------------------ Species      muricata L.  (bonplandiana, cearensis, crassiflora, macrocarpa)       Brazilian pawpaw / Soursop / Prickly custard apple / Soursapi / Evo / Lang-ad / Aborofontungu / Guanábana / Guanábano / Sinini / Anona / Catche / Catoche / Catuche / Zapote agrio / Laguaná / Laguana / Laguanaha / Syasyap / Sauersack / Stachelannone / Annona / Flaschenbaum / Sarifa / Seremaia / Anone muriquee / Cachiman or Corossol épineux / Anone / Caichemantier / Coeur de boeuf / Corossol / Corossolier epineux / Kowosol / Sirsak / Durian belanda / Ka-tara'apa / Naponapo taratara / Zuurzak / Graviola / Araticum-grande / Araticum-manso / Coração-de-rainha / Jaca-de-pobre / Jaca-do-Pará / Curassol / Pinha azeda / Sanalapa / Sasalapa / Mstafeli / Tapotapo papa'a / Tapotapo urupe / Tu-rian-tet / Mãng cau Xiêm / Mãng cau gai / Guyabano
------------------------------ Species      squamosa L.  (asiatica, cinerea, forskahlii)       Sugar-apple / Atis
------------------------- Genus      Polyalthia
------------------------------ Species      longifolia Sonn.       False Ashoka / the Buddha Tree / Indian mast or fir tree
-------------------- Family      Magnoliaceae
------------------------- Genus      Liriodendron
------------------------------ Species      tulipifera L. (fastigiatum, procerum, truncatifolium)        Tulip tree / American tulip tree / Tulip poplar / Whitewood / Fiddle-tree / Yellow poplar
------------------------- Genus      Magnolia  (Michelia, Yulania) *
------------------------------ Species      champaca (L.) Baill. ex Pierre       Champaca / Champak / Sonchaaphaa / Chenbakam / Chenpakam / Chenbagam / Shornochampa (Golden champa) / Champa / Cempaka / Sampenga / Sampangi / Sampige / Jeumpa / Shamba / Yellow jade orchid tree
------------------------------ Species      compressa Maxim.       Magnolia
------------------------------ Species      conspicua Salisb.  (denudata)       Lily tree / Yulan
------------------------------ Species      denudata Desr.       Yulan magnolia / Tulip tree / Jade lily / Haku-mokuren
------------------------------ Species      kobus DC.       Kobus magnolia
------------------------------ Species      liliiflora Desr.       Mulan or Purple or Red or Lily or Tulip or Jane or Japanese magnolia / Woody-orchid
------------------------------ Species      sprengeri Pamp.  (purpurascens)        Sprenger's magnolia
------------------------------ Species      stellata (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.       Star magnolia
-------------------- Family      Myristicaceae
------------------------- Genus      Myristica
------------------------------ Species      fragrans Houtt.  (aromtata, officinalis)       Nutmeg / Jaiphal

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Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II




Anyone who knows of additional species used as bonsai or updates/corrections to this listing
is asked to please contact  rjb@phoenixbonsai.com.  Thank-you.



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